How many of these 10 sculptures do you know in the world ?In three dimensions, sculpture (Sculptures) have a long history and tradition and rich artistic retention. Marble, bronze, wood and other materials are carved, carved, and sculpted to create visual and tangible artistic images with a certain space, reflecting social life and expressing the aesthetic feelings of artists , The artistic expression of aesthetic ideals.The development of Western sculpture art has experienced three peaks, presenting the full picture of art as we know it. It reached its first peak in ancient Greece and Rome. The peak figure was Phidias, while the Italian Renaissance became the second peak. Michelangelo was undoubtedly the peak figure of this era. In the 19th century, France was because of Rodin’s Achievement and enter the third peak.
After Rodin, Western sculpture entered a new era-the era of modern sculpture. Sculpture artists try to get rid of the shackles of classical sculpture, adopt new forms of expression, and pursue new concepts.
Nowadays, we can show the artistic creations and breakthroughs of each period through the panoramic history of sculpture art, and these 10 sculptures must be known.
The bust of Nefertiti is a 3,300-year-old painted portrait made of limestone and plaster. The statue engraved is Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten. It is generally believed that this statue was carved by the sculptor Thutmose in 1345 BC.
The bust of Nefertiti has become one of the most widely appreciated images of ancient Egypt with the most reproductions. It is the star exhibit of the Berlin Museum and is regarded as an international aesthetic indicator. The statue of Nefertiti is described as one of the most prestigious works of art in ancient art, comparable to the mask of Tutankhamun.
“This statue shows a woman with a long neck, elegant bow-shaped eyebrows, high cheekbones, a long slender nose, and red lips with a vibrant smile. It makes Nefertiti an ancient work of art. One of the most beautiful women.”
Existing in the new museum on Museum Island in Berlin.
Goddess of Victory in Samothrace
The goddess of victory in Samothrace, marble statue, 328 cm high. It is the original work of a famous sculpture that survived the ancient Greek period. It is regarded as a rare treasure and the author cannot be examined.
She is a combination of rigid and soft artwork made to commemorate the defeat of Demetrius, the conqueror of Samothrace in the ancient Greek naval battle, against the fleet of King Ptolemy of Egypt. Around 190 BC, in order to welcome the triumphant kings and soldiers, this statue was erected in front of a temple on Samothrace. Facing the sea breeze, the goddess spread her gorgeous wings, as if she was about to embrace the heroes who came ashore. The head and arms of the statue have been mutilated, but her beautiful body can still be revealed through the thin clothes and folds, radiating vitality. The whole statue has an overwhelming spirit, which fully reflects its theme and leaves an unforgettable image.
The existing Louvre in Paris is one of the three treasures of the Louvre.
Aphrodite of Milos
Aphrodite of Milos, also known as Venus with Broken Arm. It is recognized as the most beautiful statue among Greek female statues so far. Aphrodite is the goddess of love and beauty in ancient Greek mythology, and one of the twelve gods of Olympus. Aphrodite is not only the goddess of sex, she is also the goddess of love and beauty in the world.
Aphrodite has the perfect figure and appearance of ancient Greek women, symbolizing love and the beauty of women, and is considered to be the highest symbol of female physical beauty. It is a mixture of elegance and charm. All her behavior and language are worth keeping and using A model, but it cannot represent female chastity.
What the lost arms of Venus with Broken Arms originally looked like has become the mystery subject most interested in artists and historians. The sculpture currently exists at the Louvre in Paris, one of the three treasures.
Donatello’s bronze sculpture “David” (c. 1440) is the first work to revive the ancient tradition of nude statues.
In the statue, this biblical figure is no longer a conceptual symbol, but a living, flesh and blood life. The use of nude images to express religious images and emphasize the beauty of the flesh indicates that this work has a milestone significance.
When King Herod of Israel reigned in the 10th century BC, the Philistines invaded. There was a warrior named Goliath, who was 8 feet tall and armed with a huge halberd. The Israelites dared not fight for 40 days. One day, young David went to visit his brother who was serving in the army. He heard that Goliath was so domineering and hurt his self-esteem. He insisted that King Herod agree to his disgrace to go out and kill the Israelites in Goliath. Herod could not ask for it. After David came out, he roared and hit Goliath on the head with a sling machine. The stunned giant fell to the ground, and David drew his sword sharply and cut off Goliath’s head. David is portrayed as a cute shepherd boy in the statue, wearing a shepherd hat, holding a sword in his right hand, and stepping on the cut Goliath’s head under his feet. The expression on his face is so leisurely and seems to be a little proud .
Donatello (Donatello 1386-1466) was the first generation of artists of the Early Renaissance in Italy and the most outstanding sculptor of the 15th century. The sculpture is now in the Bargello Gallery in Florence, Italy.
The statue of “David” was created in the early 16th century. The statue is 3.96 meters high. It is a representative work of Michelangelo, the master of Renaissance sculpture. It is regarded as one of the most boastful male human statues in the history of Western art. Michelangelo’s depiction of David’s head turned slightly to the left before the battle, his eyes fixed on the enemy, his left hand held the sling on his shoulder, his right hand drooped naturally, his fists slightly clenched, his appearance was calm, showing David’s composure, courage and conviction of victory. Existing in the Florence Academy of Fine Arts.
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty (Statue Of Liberty), also known as Liberty Enlightening The World (Liberty Enlightening The World), is the 100th anniversary gift of France to the United States in 1876. The Statue of Liberty was completed by the famous French sculptor Bartholdi in 10 years. The Lady Liberty is dressed in ancient Greek-style clothing, and the crown she wears symbolizes the seven spires of the seven continents and four oceans of the world.
The goddess holds the torch symbolizing freedom in her right hand, and her left hand holds the “Declaration of Independence” engraved on July 4, 1776, and under her feet are broken handcuffs, fetters and chains. She symbolizes freedom and breaks free from the constraints of tyranny. It was completed and unveiled on October 28, 1886. The internal structure of the wrought iron statue was designed by Gustave Eiffel, who later built the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The Statue of Liberty is 46 meters high, with a base of 93 meters and weighs 225 tons. In 1984, the Statue of Liberty was listed as a world cultural heritage.
“The Thinker” shapes a strong working man. The giant was bent over, knees bent, his right hand resting his chin, silently watching the tragedy that happened below. His deep gaze and the gesture of biting his fist with his lips showed an extremely painful mood. The sculpture figure is naked, with a slightly bowed waist. The left hand is placed naturally on the left knee, the right leg supports the right arm, and the right hand is taken off the sharp-lined chin statue. The clenched fist is pressed against the lips. It is very fit. At this time, his muscles are bulging nervously, revealing full lines. Although the image of the statue is still, it seems to show that he is doing high-intensity work with a solemn expression.
“The Thinker” is a model in Auguste Rodin’s overall system of works. It is also a reflection and reflection of his magical artistic practice. It is also a reflection of his construction and integration of human artistic thought-Rodin’s artistic thought system Testimony.
Jeff Koons (Jeff Koons) is a famous American pop artist. In 2013, his balloon dog (orange) was made of transparent coated stainless steel, and Christie was able to set a record price of $58.4 million. Koons also created other versions in blue, magenta, red and yellow.
The famous work “ Spider ” by Luis Bourgeois is more than 30 feet tall. What is impressive is that the large spider sculpture is related to the artist’s own mother, who was a carpet repairer. Now, the spider sculptures we see, seemingly fragile, long legs, bravely protect 26 marble eggs, as if they will fall down immediately, but also successfully aroused the fear of the public, spiders are their repeated appearance The themes include the sculpture spider in 1996. This sculpture is located in the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. Luis Bourgeois once said: The older the person, the smarter.
Who created the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang? It is estimated that there is no answer, but its influence on later generations of art still exists today and has become a fashion trend.
Post time: Oct-12-2020